返回列表 回復 發帖

美國的對台政策備忘錄 1945~2019

本帖最後由 南山28子 於 2020-6-28 02:07 編輯

美國的對台政策      2019.11.23

1945~2019

美國對台另-套政策台灣獨立 見

http://www.taiwannation.com.tw/topic012.htm


(1) 1945.12.15 杜魯門:開羅宣言滿洲歸還中國。


(2) 1950.1.5杜魯門:開羅宣言是聯合聲明台灣應歸還中國。

Secretary of State Acheson’s Remarks Elaborating the Policy Respecting the Status of Formosa (Taiwan), January 5, 1950

I am having this conference this afternoon at the request and at the direction of the President for the purpose of going into the background of the statement which he made this morning on the subject of Formosa.

It is important that our position in regard to China should never be subject to the slightest doubt or the slightest question.

Now, what has that position been? In the middle of the war, the President of the United States, the Prime Minister of Great Britain, and the President of China agreed at Cairo that among the areas stolen from China by Japan was Formosa and Formosa should go back to China.

As the President pointed out this morning, that statement was incorporated in the declaration at Potsdam and that declaration at Potsdam was conveyed to the Japanese as one of the terms of their surrender and was accepted by them, and the surrender was made on that basis.

Shortly after that, the Island of Formosa was turned over to the Chinese in accordance with the declarations made and with the conditions of the surrender.

The Chinese have administered Formosa for 4 years. Neither the United States nor any other ally ever questioned that authority and that occupation. When Formosa was made a province of China nobody raised any lawyers’ doubts about that. That was regarded as in accordance with the commitments.

Now, in the opinion of some, the situation is changed. They believe that the forces now in control of the mainland of China, the forces which undoubtedly will soon be recognized by some other countries, are not friendly to us, and therefore they want to say, “Well, we have to wait for a treaty.” We did not wait for a treaty on Korea. We did not wait for a treaty on the Kuriles. We did not wait for a treaty on the islands over which we have trusteeship.

Whatever may be the legal situation, the United States of America, Mr. Truman said this morning, is not going to quibble on any lawyers’ words about the integrity of its position. That is where we stand.

Therefore, the President says, we are not going to use our forces in connection with the present situation in Formosa. We are not going to attempt to seize the Island. We are not going to get involved militarily in any way on the Island of Formosa. So far as I know, no responsible person in the Government, no military man has ever believed that we should involve our forces in the island.

Source: American Foreign Policy, 1950-1955, Basic Documents, II (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1957), 2449, 2451.


(3)1950.6.27韓戰爆發後杜魯門說:台灣地位由對日和約或聯合國決定。


(4) 1971.7.9周恩來和季辛吉一見面就談開羅宣言台灣歸還中國。季辛吉同意。


(5)1972.2.22 尼克森周恩來北京祕約,承認「台灣屬中國,反對台灣獨立。

Principle one. There is one China, and Taiwan is a part of China.There will be no more statements made – if I can control our buracracy – to the effect that the status of Taiwan is undetermined.

Second, we have not and will not support any Taiwan independence movement.


(6)1972.2.28 尼周上海公報,「認知」台灣是中國的一部分。


(7)1982.7.14雷根6項保證,對台主權5種版本。

    不正式承認中國對台主權。


1. The United States would not formally recognize Chinese sovereignty over Taiwan.

2. [T]here has been no change in our longstanding position on the issue of sovereignty over Taiwan;

3. The United States would not formally recognize China’s sovereignty over Taiwan’

4. Had not altered its position regarding sovereignty over Taiwan; and

5. Has not altered its position regarding sovereignty over Taiwan;


(8)2003.12.9布希温家寶以開羅宣言反對台灣公投。

2004-3-14 溫家寶中外記者會(摘要)。

3月14日下午,溫家寶應大會邀請,與中外記者見面並回答記者的提問。
美國有線電視新聞網記者問: 您上一次訪問美國期間(即2003.12.9),您到底做了什麼讓美國改變這樣的政策?您是拿什麼嚇唬了美國呢?
溫家寶回答:台灣問題是中國內戰遺留的問題,是中國的內政,最終要靠中國人自己來解決。世界上只有一個中國,大陸和台灣同屬於一個中國,一個中國的主權和領土完整不容分割。中國對台灣擁有的主權,在《開羅宣言》和《波茨坦公告》已經有明確的規定,也為國際社會所公認。


(9)2007.6.26美國國務院否認對台有主權或佔領。


(10)2009.10.6 美國軍事上訴法庭否認對台軍事佔領。

https://news.ltn.com.tw/news/politics/paper/342096

2009-10-11 自由時報

〔駐美特派員曹郁芬/華府十日報導〕根據美國軍事上訴法院的資料,台灣前總統陳水扁並沒有控告美國總統歐巴馬與國防部長蓋茲,而是以請願人身分要求美國政府頒布特殊救濟的強制執行命令,撤銷台灣政府對他的無期徒刑判決。

美國軍事上訴法院六日以沒有管轄權駁回陳水扁的請願案,而扁辦表示還要繼續努力。根據陳水扁律師李維向美國軍事法院提出長達二十四頁的請願書,陳水扁主張依舊金山和約,美國是台灣的主要佔領國,仍在美國軍政府管轄之下。陳水扁聲明自己無罪,並稱判刑是馬英九總統及國民黨報復他,一切對他的起訴都是基於政治動機,只有適當組成的美國軍事委員會才有權審訊他。

請願書說,中華民國政府既是代理人,無權審判他,所以要求美國政府下令現任代理人,也就是現任的中華民國總統立即釋放他。


(11)2017.1.13川普告訴華爾街日報,要重新談判「一中」,亦即重新談判所謂的「台灣是中國的一部分」。


(12)2017.2.7中國外交部長王毅假藉南沙,要川普去看開羅宣言接受一中政策。

http://world.huanqiu.com/weinxingonghao/2017-02/10087415.html

2017-02-08 13:49:00 人民网

2017年2月7日,外交部長王毅在坎培拉與澳大利亞外長畢曉普舉行第四輪中澳外交與戰略對話後共同會見記者。澳大利亞記者詢問中美是否會在南海發生軍事衝突、中方有何資訊希傳遞給美方。

       王毅應詢表示,我只想給美國朋友一個建議:重溫一下二戰歷史。從人類歷史長河看,二戰結束到現在並不算太久遠。作為二戰的勝利成果,《開羅宣言》和《波茨坦公告》明確規定,日本必須將所竊取的中國領土歸還中國,這其中就7包括南沙群島。1946年,當時的中國政府是在美國方面的協助下公開依法收復被日本侵佔的南沙群島,恢復行使主權。後來中國周邊一些國家以非法形式佔據部分南沙島礁,這才產生所謂南海爭議。對此,中方始終堅持通過直接當事方對話協商,依據歷史事實和國際法加以和平解決。這一立場今後也不會改變。


(13)2017.2.9 王毅放話後才兩天,川普承諾習近平遵守「一中」,亦即所謂的「台灣是中國的一部分」


返回列表